什么是疫苗？ 1. What is a vaccine?
Vaccines are divided into attenuated and inactivated vaccines. Attenuated vaccines are commonly used now, but they are actually weakened and reduced viability viruses. They are all specially cultured and processed, and their activity is much lower than normal viruses, which can stimulate dogs and cats to develop resistance. After being vaccinated, even after being infected with the normal virus, its resistance is enough to cope with it. But once a year, one month in advance.
选择什么疫苗好呢？ 2. Which vaccine is better?
There are two vaccines on the market today. One is domestic and the other is imported. Although imported vaccines are more expensive, domestically produced vaccines can only guarantee a six-year period of epidemic prevention. Not only do they need to be hit twice a year, but some vaccines will lose some of their effectiveness under high temperature conditions, and their cost-effectiveness and accuracy will not keep up with imported vaccines . Therefore, if economic conditions permit, it is still recommended that imported vaccines be more insurance, after all, safety and health come first.
A. Can vaccines from different brands be mixed?
If the dog is unable to find the brand of vaccine used in the first immunization during the second immunization, it can be replaced with another brand of vaccine.
B. Is it necessary to calculate the required vaccine dose based on the dog's weight?
Regardless of the size of the dog , only one dose is injected for each immunization . The dose of the vaccine has nothing to do with the weight of the dog.
免疫注射的时间表 3. Schedule of immunizations
Vaccination should strictly follow the immunization schedule set by the doctor. Premature vaccination of puppies will not only protect the puppies' health, but will destroy the efficacy of maternal antibodies and play the opposite role.
Dogs born 30 days-nasal drip kennel cough vaccine
Dogs are born 7-8 weeks-the first two or four shots
Dogs born 11--12 weeks-second vaccination
Dogs born 14--15 weeks-third vaccination with rabies vaccine
After all is completed, as long as the six-injection vaccine and rabies vaccine are injected once a year, you can safely go out with your dog.
注射前的检查 4. Inspection before injection
Generally speaking, vaccination is not dangerous for dogs, but it can be life-threatening when being vaccinated. Therefore, be sure to ask your veterinarian to check the dog before injection.
a. Poor constitution and malnourished dogs, it is best to improve their constitution first, strengthen nutrition, and then get vaccinated until they are healthy.
b. Don't get vaccinated when you get sick. Vaccination at this time may worsen the disease due to the vaccine response, and may not make the vaccine produce a good immune effect.
c. Before contacting the sick dog before the injection, you need to do a comprehensive inspection before vaccinating.
d. Vaccination of pregnant bitches may cause miscarriage and is absolutely prohibited. When an animal is pregnant, the antibodies in the body are very high, and they generally do not infect the disease. No vaccine is needed.
e. Female dogs are not suitable for vaccination within half a month after delivery.
f. Dogs whose trauma has not healed are not suitable for vaccination.